Of all Suffolk recusants, Roger Martin of Long Melford (c. 1527-1615) is perhaps the best known. Martin emerged from the historical shadows in 1989 when David Dymond and Clive Paine published an edition of Martin’s remarkable account of the ceremonies and furnishings of Holy Trinity, Long Melford, ‘The state of Melford Church … as I did know it’. It certainly helped the popularity of Dymond and Paine’s volume that Holy Trinity, Long Melford is one of the most architecturally spectacular churches in Suffolk, but it also coincided closely with the publication of Eamon Duffy’s Stripping of the Altars and the subsequent resurgence in the study of the English church on the eve of the Reformation. Martin’s ‘State of Melford Church’ is now recognised as one of the most important and detailed sources on the experience of the pre-Reformation worshipper.
I first encountered Roger Martin when I was studying A Level History – it is a great privilege, therefore, to be in a position to announce to the world that I may have discovered his personal prayer book. My article ‘Early Modern English Catholic Piety in a Fifteenth-Century Book of Hours: Cambridge University Library MS Additional 10079’ appears in the 2015 number of Transactions of the Cambridge Bibliographical Society and advances the argument that the manuscript I have dubbed the Rookwood Book of Hours originally belonged to Roger Martin. I spotted the Rookwood Book of Hours for sale at Sotheby’s in November 2014 and persuaded Cambridge University Library to buy it for £13,750 – for which I shall be eternally grateful to the UL. At the time, I argued that the manuscript was important because it was the only manuscript known to survive from the eighteenth-century library of the Rookwood family. The catalogue of this important recusant library forms part of my edition of the Rookwood Family Papers to be published later this year by the Suffolk Records Society.
It was only when I inspected the Rookwood Book of Hours for the first time, in January 2015, that I began to suspect that the manuscript’s older provenance lay with the Martin family of Long Melford rather than the Rookwoods of Stanningfield. The book of hours undoubtedly belonged to Thomas Rookwood of Stanningfield in 1726, but the name ‘martyn’ appears in fifteenth-century script at the front of the book. This I believe to be the autograph of Roger Martin’s great grandfather Richard Martin, a cloth merchant who probably purchased (or commissioned) the book of hours from the Low Countries in the 1460s. The Rookwoods acquired a good deal of property from the Martin family in the early eighteenth century (Thomas Rookwood married Tamworth Martin) and it is likely that the book of hours came into the Rookwoods’ possession at this point as well. However, the most remarkable feature of the manuscript is not contained in the book of hours itself but takes the form of accessory material in a sixteenth-century italic hand. I was eventually able to identify these prayers as having been copied from a series of preces privatae by Erasmus. I was also able to date the prayers to the period 1553-58 and probably November 1558, as there appears to be a reference to the last illness of Queen Mary I.
In Mary’s reign Roger Martin was the pre-eminent resident of Long Melford, a churchwarden in charge of restoring Holy Trinity to Catholic splendour and a man who had been offered a place in Mary’s Privy Council (which he turned down). The likelihood that the book of hours belonged to the Martin family in the fifteenth century, combined with the appearance of the name ‘Roogers’ elsewhere in the manuscript (which I interpret as ‘Roger’s’) as well as Roger Martin’s known learning (he trained as a barrister at Lincoln’s Inn) and interest in preserving pre-Reformation objects make for a compelling circumstantial case that CUL MS Add. 10079, the ‘Rookwood Book of Hours’, was Roger Martin’s private prayer book. If true, this would make the manuscript the first book known to have belonged to Martin, and an important part of Long Melford’s and Suffolk’s religious history. Fortunately, the prayer book will now be preserved by Cambridge University Library for generations of future scholars to study and reach their own conclusions.
12 replies on “Roger Martin’s Prayer Book?”
Interesting article but I think you will find that Roger Martin lived at Melford Place and not Melford Hall. The photograph is not of Melford Hall.
Oops! I have corrected the error – thanks for pointing it out. I have visited Melford Hall many times so I shouldn’t have slipped up.
Very interesting about the prayer book, look forward to getting my copy of your Record Society book. I suspect that William Cordell may just have disputed the ‘pre-eminent resident of Long Melford’ title… given that he was actually one of Mary’s Privy Councillors along with having been her Solicitor General and then, by 1557, her Master of the Rolls; and he was Speaker of the Commons by 1557.
What the people of Melford thought is another matter, Cordell was ‘new come up’ compared to Martyn, and the Clopton of the day, who were ‘gentry of the old sort’, and Martyn appears to have been well liked by many, but Cordell owned most of the property in the parish which gave him influence of a different sort.
Question, where did you find the illustration of Melford Place?
Do you know the story about Roger Martyn, during Edward VI’s reign, hiding in hay stacks during the day time and returning home at night…with his neighbours giving him assistance?
Many thanks for your comments; the illustration of Melford Place comes from Coppinger’s ‘Manors of Suffolk’.
Yes, I am aware of the story about Martin hiding in a haystack – it’s in a 19th century history of Long Melford, but I’ve not been able to trace it to anything other than a local tradition.
Just received my copy of the Rookwood book, congratulations on that. I recall, a trifle vaguely, that I found the haystacks story in a mid 18th century history of Essex, author’s name begins with a P.
The other (rather more remote) Catholic family connection with Melford was that Melford Hall and much of the parish were owned in the early 17th century by Thomas (later Viscount) Savage, whose wife Elizabeth (later Countess Rivers) was Penelope D’Arcy ‘ sister. This couple were the focus of ‘Savage Fortune’, the SRS book for 2006, and were prominent in Henrietta Maria ‘ s court. I couldn’t find any evidence of Savage Martyn links but they must have existed.
In connection with my family history research do you know of any connection between the Martin family, Christian Savage (Rocksavage) and Great Bedwyn in Wiltshire?
Thank you for the query. There’s no genealogical connection that I know of, but it is worth noting that a Savage family also lived in Long Melford, at Melford Hall
Thank you Francis. I am working on a link as follows:Roger Martin 1584 who married Christian Savage had clear connections with TROWBRIDGE as the records below show. His children were christened mainly in GREAT BEDWYN but he was clearly connected to TROWBRIDGE and that place is given in one record as the place of his marriage in 1607.
Connect these facts with:
Sir Roger Martin 1631-1712 who married Tamworth Horner from MELLS in Somerset just a few miles from TROWBRIDGE. The Horner family were illustrious and held lands around MELLS for some time. This Roger Martin was of Melford Hall, Suffolk. The father of this Sir Roger is given as Richard Martin who married Jane Bedingfield. What I am proposing is that this Richard was brother to Roger Martin who married Christian Savage. This Roger Martin would therefore be uncle to Sir Roger Martin who married Tamworth Horner.
Roger Martyn mentioned in the record of Roger Martyn and Christian Savage
Name Roger Martyn
Spouse’s Name Christian Savage
Event Date 1607
Event Place Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England
Citing this Record
“England Marriages, 1538-1973 ,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:NX9C-NPN : 10 December 2014), Roger Martyn and Christian Savage, 1607; citing Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England, reference 2:39XMFVT, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,279,361.
Roger Martyn mentioned in the record of Elizabeth Martyn
Name Roger Martyn
Daughter Elizabeth Martyn
Other information in the record of Elizabeth Martyn from England Births and Christenings
Name Elizabeth Martyn
Residence Place Trowbridge, Wiltshire, England
Christening Date 1606
Christening Date (Original) 27 OCT 1606
Christening Place TROWBRIDGE, WILTSHIRE, ENGLAND
Father’s Name Roger Martyn
Mother’s Name Christian
Citing this Record
“England Births and Christenings, 1538-1975,” database, FamilySearch (https://familysearch.org/ark:/61903/1:1:J7D6-DY1 : 30 December 2014, Roger Martyn in entry for Elizabeth Martyn, ); citing TROWBRIDGE, WILTSHIRE, ENGLAND, index based upon data collected by the Genealogical Society of Utah, Salt Lake City; FHL microfilm 1,279,361.
If anything concrete emerges I will let you know = thanks again,
I finally got round to checking the Martyn of Melford records. According to the visitation records the Roger Martyn who married Tamworth Horner was born in 1639 (there were 3 earlier Rogers baptised, all of whom died young). His father, the Richard Martyn who married Jane Bedingfield, was born in 1611, his uncle Roger in 1621, which would obviously be the wrong generation. Their father Roger lived 1584-1657, married before 1609 an Ann Love (family from Kent) who died in 1662. There are children baptised regularly from 1609 to 1624. That Roger’s father Richard (1559-1624) married three times but there’s only the one son called Roger. Obviously the Roger Martyn in Trowbridge may have had some more remote link to the Melford family but it doesn’t seem to be the one you are suggesting.
Martyn and Savage are both fairly common names. The Savage genealogy (The Ancient and Noble Family of the Savages of Ards), G.F. Armstrong, published in 1888, suggests that as well as the Savages of Clifton and Rocksavage in Cheshire there were branches of that Savage family in Derbyshire, in Ireland (Ards), in Kent, elsewhere in Cheshire and Lancashire, and at Elmley Castle in Worcestershire / also linked to Tetbury in Gloucestershire. They descend from Sir Christopher Savage who died in 1546 and his son Francis who died in 1557. Looking at the genealogy online, Francis had three sons who survived him and as far as I can see there is no mention of a Christian (www.tudorplace.com/ar.SAVAGE.htm and I looked at other material online as well).
Hope that helps.
I don’t know of any link with Great Bedwyn but Savage is not an uncommon surname. There were Savages in the west Midlands who were distant relations of the Cheshire family.
[…] is the second manuscript I have helped reunite with the Hengrave Manuscripts, after the Rookwood Book of Hours in 2014. I shall be writing in more detail about the Bond family’s devotional manuscripts […]